Anna DiDonna

Publication Date


Document Type


First Advisor

Pitney, William A., 1965-

Degree Name

B.S. (Bachelor of Science)

Legacy Department

Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education


There was a need for more instruction on manual muscle testing in the KNPE department for athletic training majors. This is a manual designed to fulfill that need and aid the athletic training students in learning and performing manual muscle testing. Manual muscle testing is an integral part of a complete physical assessment. It can be utilized in conditions of muscle weakness, muscle imbalance, determining muscle length and strength, and neuromuscular involvement. When the testing is done, a grade is given to each muscle that is tested in order to describe its function. In order to assign the grade, one must perform the test. In this manual you fill find instructions on testing 44 different muscles found in the human body. The anatomy of the muscle can be found including the origin, insertion, action, and innervation. The testing technique will be listed, clinical pearls will follow, and a digital image is provided to help visualize the test.


Includes bibliographical references.


95 pages




Northern Illinois University

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