Author

Jenny Kinsley

Publication Date

1-1-1999

Document Type

Dissertation/Thesis

First Advisor

Cearlock, Dianne M.

Degree Name

B.S. (Bachelor of Science)

Department

School of Allied Health and Communicative Disorders

Abstract

Diabetes Mellitus, a metabolic disorder of hyperglycemia affecting over 16 million people in the U.S., can result in long-term complications if not diagnosed and properly treated early. Diagnostic criteria were originally set in 1985 by the World Health Organization (WHO), using the oral glucose tolerance test along with a fasting plasma glucose (FBS) to confirm diagnosis. In 1997, the American Diabetes Association (ADA) determined that only a FBS was necessary to make a diagnosis. The purpose of this study was to compare interpretations of the FBS values of subjects using the WHO and ADA criteria. Thirty participants, from 35-65 years of age, were required to fast for at least an 8 hour period and then have a FBS sample drawn. The resulting data was compared to both the WHO and ADA diagnostic criteria in order to determine if an underestimation of diagnosis would occur using only the FBS specimen as required by the new ADA criteria. Out of the 30 samples, 28 were considered normal by both classifications, 1 was considered to have an impaired fasting glucose by both, and 1 was considered to be diabetic by both. The observed data showed complete agreement between the WHO and ADA criteria. Follow-up studies using larger population sizes should be performed before sole reliance on the ADA guidelines is adopted.

Comments

Includes bibliographical references.

Extent

5 pages

Language

eng

Publisher

Northern Illinois University

Rights Statement

In Copyright

Rights Statement 2

NIU theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from Huskie Commons for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without the written permission of the authors.

Media Type

Text

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