Jenny Kinsley

Publication Date


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First Advisor

Cearlock, Dianne M.

Degree Name

B.S. (Bachelor of Science)

Legacy Department

School of Allied Health and Communicative Disorders


Diabetes Mellitus, a metabolic disorder of hyperglycemia affecting over 16 million people in the U.S., can result in long-term complications if not diagnosed and properly treated early. Diagnostic criteria were originally set in 1985 by the World Health Organization (WHO), using the oral glucose tolerance test along with a fasting plasma glucose (FBS) to confirm diagnosis. In 1997, the American Diabetes Association (ADA) determined that only a FBS was necessary to make a diagnosis. The purpose of this study was to compare interpretations of the FBS values of subjects using the WHO and ADA criteria. Thirty participants, from 35-65 years of age, were required to fast for at least an 8 hour period and then have a FBS sample drawn. The resulting data was compared to both the WHO and ADA diagnostic criteria in order to determine if an underestimation of diagnosis would occur using only the FBS specimen as required by the new ADA criteria. Out of the 30 samples, 28 were considered normal by both classifications, 1 was considered to have an impaired fasting glucose by both, and 1 was considered to be diabetic by both. The observed data showed complete agreement between the WHO and ADA criteria. Follow-up studies using larger population sizes should be performed before sole reliance on the ADA guidelines is adopted.


Includes bibliographical references.


5 pages




Northern Illinois University

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