B.S. (Bachelor of Science)
Babies that require NICU stays after birth face a lot of difficulty due to a variety of reasons. Babies can be admitted to the NICU for problems such as prematurity, hyperbilirubinemia, respiratory or cardiovascular complications, infections, and more. Being admitted to the NICU exposes these babies to certain risk factors that can have long term effects and can lead to complications, such as hearing loss. NICU infants are at double the risk for hearing loss compared to infants that are carried to term, and 24-46% of NICU admissions are diagnosed with hearing loss (Pourarian et al., 2012). I was personally born premature, and I have moderate-to-severe hearing loss. I have been blessed to be able to hear with my hearing aids, and to have the ability to “turn off” my hearing as I please. Some don’t have this luxury due to severe hearing loss due to obstacles faced at birth. This literature analysis is intended to explore the existing research regarding correlation between admissions to the NICU and hearing loss. This data will explore information on the risk factors for hearing loss that NICU patients face and how these risk factors contribute to hearing loss. This analysis will provide a framework for future research to be completed to identify specific links between the NICU and hearing loss, as well as updating practice guidelines to implement appropriate interventions to prevent hearing loss in this high-risk population.
Gennell, Adrienne N., "Deafness in NICU babies" (2021). Honors Capstones. 374.
Northern Illinois University
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