Izabella Kanoza

Document Type


Publication Title

Northern Illinois University Law Review


In 2019, the Supreme Court has settled a long-standing split issue among the Circuit Courts. The issue revolved around the interpretation of the word “registration” with the Copyright Office in order for a copyright owner to be able to initiate a copyright infringement lawsuit. However, the now settled precedent has presented challenges to the ever-evolving internet world and those who use it to create, advertise, and share their digital content. Digital photographers, specifically, have found this registration requirement inefficient when it comes to sharing their work on social media platforms, such as Instagram or Facebook, where copyright infringement in the form of content theft is easy to do at the click of button on a computer or even a smartphone. Thus, this paper aims to note how the recent Supreme Court decision in Fourth Estate Pub. Ben. Corp. v. Wall-Street.com, LLC has affected digital photography and the available plausible solutions that may gap the bridge between the legal requirements and the internet world through such technology such as blockchain and crypto technology, that may even lead to less copyright infringement.

First Page


Last Page


Publication Date



College of Law



Suggested Citation

Izabella Kanoza, Comment, Copyright Registration: Fourth Estate Implications for Photographers in the Modern World, 43 N. Ill. Univ. L. Rev. 220 (2023).

Included in

Law Commons



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.