This Comment examines the heavily-discussed topic of the establishment clause of the First Amendment, and explores how the clause relates to the public display of religious symbols. This Article discusses the four Establishment Clause tests: the Lemon Test from Lemon v. Kurtzman; the Endorsement Test from Lynch v. Donnelly; the Coercion Test from Allegheny County v. Greater Pittsburgh ACLU; and the Van Orden Test from Van Orden v. Perry. This Comment analyzes each of the four tests to determine which test is best suited to evaluate the constitutionality of the public display of a religious symbol.
College of Law
Northern Illinois University Law Review
"An Inconsistent Truth: The Various Establishment Clause Tests as Applied in the Context of Public Displays of (Allegedly) "Religious" Symbols and Their Applicability Today,"
Northern Illinois University Law Review: Vol. 34:
2, Article 2.
Emily Fitch, Comment, An Inconsistent Truth: The Various Establishment Clause Tests as Applied in the Context of Public Displays of (Allegedly) “Religious” Symbols and Their Applicability Today, 34 N. Ill. U. L. Rev. 431 (2014).