Title

Improving Route Selections in ZigBee Wireless Sensor Networks

Author ORCID Identifier

Benedito Fonseca:https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4967-4682

Publication Title

Sensors (Switzerland)

ISSN

14248220

E-ISSN

43825

Document Type

Article

Abstract

The ZigBee wireless communication specifications forecast the use of multihop routes between nodes and define that nodes select their routes based on their costs. The specifications define how to compute a route cost from the probability of successfully transmitting on each of the routes’ links; and it is recommended that such probabilities be obtained by counting received link status messages or averaging link quality indicators from received packets. In this paper, we study the performance of these two recommended procedures, show that they can lead to degraded route selections, and propose a procedure that can improve route selections without modifications to the ZigBee protocol or frame formats. Our procedure estimates the probability of successful transmission on each link, based on information from the medium access layer during unicast packet transmissions, and includes a modification into how ZigBee nodes treat routing messages internally in order to reduce variations in the link cost estimates. Focusing on a home environment with one or two hops, our simulation results show that, in several scenarios, our procedure performs better than either of the two procedures recommended in the ZigBee specifications.

Publication Date

1-1-2020

DOI

10.3390/s20010164

PubMed ID

31888077

Keywords

Link cost estimation, Many-to-one routing, Routing algorithms, Wireless sensor networks, ZigBee

Department

Department of Electrical Engineering

COinS