Publication Date

2016

Document Type

Dissertation/Thesis

First Advisor

Lilly, Michelle M.

Degree Name

M.A. (Master of Arts)

Department

Department of Psychology

LCSH

Sexual abuse victims--Psychology||Blaming the victim||Post-traumatic stress disorder||Sex crimes--Psychological aspects

Abstract

This study examined the relations between perceived social support (PSS), negative social interactions (NSI), self-blame, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, and gender in adult sexual assault survivors. Participants (N = 315) were recruited from introductory psychology courses at a Midwestern university and from Amazon Mechanical Turk, and had to report at least one sexual assault experience since the age of fourteen in order to be eligible. After being screened for eligibility, participants completed a series of self-report questionnaires online, and received either course credits or a small monetary sum for their participation. As hypothesized, self-blame partially explained the relation between PSS and PTSD in the total sample, and partially explained the relation between PSS and PTSD. Similar results were found for NSI. These two models were not equivalent by gender, as expected. Post-hoc analyses suggest that PSS may have more influence on PTSD for women than for men, and vice versa for NSI. Additionally, self-blame was a significant predictor of PTSD in men but not in women. Clinical implications and future research directions are discussed.

Comments

Advisors: Michelle M. Lilly.||Committee members: Holly Orcutt; Karen White.||Includes bibliographical references.

Extent

vii, 98 pages

Language

eng

Publisher

Northern Illinois University

Rights Statement

In Copyright

Rights Statement 2

NIU theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from Huskie Commons for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without the written permission of the authors.

Media Type

Text

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