Date of Degree


Degree Name

Ed.D. (Doctor of Education)


Department of Leadership, Educational Psychology, and Foundations (LEPF)


Roberts, Patrick

Committee Members

Gibson, Lynn; Creed, Benjamin


school transportation; bus driver; driver shortages; school transportation safety; school transportation best practices


School transportation plays a critical role in schools, helping students gain access to their education and school sponsored extracurricular activities each day. This study examined the history, need, and future of school-provided transportation in efforts to establish the components of a tool by which districts can gauge the effectiveness of current transportation practices. To organize the research, data, and final framework in the most meaningful way, the final product was divided into three individual papers.

Paper 1 reviews the existing literature reviewed the history, significance, and anticipated developments in the field of school transportation. Paper 2 curates the results of a qualitative study, analyzing and interpreting feedback from transportation stakeholders. Paper 3 synthesizes information gathered from Papers 1 and 2 to develop a reflective planning tool for use by school districts and transportation leaders. Reflective questions for use by school transportation leaders are organized by Bolman and Deals’ four leadership frames, structural, human resources, political, and symbolic.


Northern Illinois University

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