Publication Date


Document Type


First Advisor

Schraufnagel, Scot D.

Degree Name

B.S. (Bachelor of Science)

Legacy Department

Department of Political Science


This research attempts to answer: Does percentage of women in state legislature’s effect K-12 per pupil expenditures? The research was performed using data from 2009 to 2013. Using the each State Legislature’s make-up from 2009 as my key explanatory variable and the US Census Bureau’s 2013 report per pupil expenditures, my dependent variable. My control variables included: state liberalism scores and average state per capita income, both for the year 2013. I ran an Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) regression and found there was high multicolinearity between the key explanatory variable and the control variables. I discerned that women in state legislatures had no effect on per pupil expenditures. I decided to run a second OLS regression. This time I used state liberalism scores and state per capita income as my explanatory variables and Percentage of Women in State Legislature’s as my dependent variable. The results were instructive. Both liberalism and income can be used to explain the amount of women in a state legislature. The results were significant because as we previously believed, women have no effect on K-12 per pupil expenditures, instead the income and liberalism of a state can better explain these phenomena.


22 pages




Northern Illinois University

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