Publication Date


Document Type


First Advisor

Jacobsen, Trude

Degree Name

B.A. (Bachelor of Arts)

Legacy Department

Department of History


From 1941-1945, the Nazi regime perpetrated one of the worst atrocities in recorded history. Approximately eleven million people would lose their lives, and a nation would be symbolically tried for these crimes at Nuremburg and the subsequent tribunals. Most of the defendants were men, but it is false to assume that the Holocaust was exclusively perpetrated by men. This project explores the atrocities committed by female perpetrators, as well as the experiences of female prisoners. Because of Germany's feminization of homosexual men, their experiences are also included in this project. The concept of gender being a determining factor in the Holocaust has long been ignored, save for more recent scholarship on the topic. This project argues that gender and sexuality was a determining factor in the Holocaust, from the perspective of both perpetrator and victim, and that historians must take this into consideration when researching the autonomy and experiences of Holocaust participants.

John Recktenwall 2020.pdf (523 kB)
John Recktenwall 2020.pdf (523.0Kb)

HIST 495 Thesis 2.docx (67 kB)
HIST 495 Thesis 2.docx (67.57Kb)


36 pages




Northern Illinois University

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