Publication Date


Document Type


First Advisor

Walther, Leonard

Degree Name

B.S. (Bachelor of Science)

Legacy Department

Department of Geography


This paper examines the seizing and treatment of the alien priories in England during the first phase of the Hundred Year's War (1337-1360). Using English contemporary government finance records called the Calendar of Fine Rolls, I argue that the Crown's interference with the priories during this time was necessitated by the needs of the war. The argument has three main points. The first looks at changes in priory tax rates, calledfarms, and the second examines the custodianship arrangements imposed on the priories by the crown. The third point takes the information from the previous points and places it in the greater context of what was happening at that time during the Hundred Year's War, demonstrating that the changes in payment and custodianship imposed by the crown were dictated by the needs of the war. This demonstrates that the eventual demise of the priories in the next century was in no way intended when the Hundred Year's War began, making them another casualty of the conflict. The accompanying map depicts some of the changes referenced in the Calendar of Fine Rolls, including ownership changes and which priories were affected during the greatest single instance of priory farm changes in 1342.


43 pages




Northern Illinois University

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