Janet E. Gatz

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First Advisor

Hoffman, Beatrix R.

Degree Name

B.A. (Bachelor of Arts)

Legacy Department

Department of History


This project attempted to find how suffragists in the Illinois Equal Suffrage Association combated opposition from the woman run Illinois Association Opposed to the Extension of Woman's Suffrage. I hoped in this thesis to shine a light on a little discussed part of Illinois history. Mainly, how suffragists combated opposition from some of the very people they were trying to help. I was able to find a great deal of articles and pamphlets through the Regional History Center, microfilm, and online archives. I went through these documents in chronological order to find arguments by both the Illinois Association Opposed to the Extension of Woman's Suffrage and the Illinois Equal Suffrage Association that seemed to be responses to each other. There was a correlation between propaganda showing the IESA changing their published work to indirectly answer the propaganda of the IAOEWS. The IESA also gained alliances with Woman's Clubs and trade unions as a way to gain a united front, and mobilization.


36 pages




Northern Illinois University

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