Olson, Daniel R.
B.S. (Bachelor of Science)
Department of Biological Sciences
To gain a better understanding and appreciation of the complexity of cardiopulmonary anatomy and physiology as well the greatly varied nature heart disease, this project emphasized observations of both typical and atypical cardiopulmonary conditions. Specifically, comparisons were made between a heart affected by congestive heart failure (CHF) and a non-affected heart. The hearts of a male (CHF patient) and female cadaver were extracted and dissected. Qualitative observations and basic measurements were taken and a comprehensive literature review was conducted to compare and contrast the expected functionality of the subject’s cardiopulmonary systems. Observations and measurements taken included heart size, weight, general features of the pericardium, myocardium, and endocardium, as well as qualitative observations of the lungs. These measurements were then compared to research and descriptions available in various literary sources (as working with donated cadaver subjects prevented in-depth analysis of living conditions). Both qualitative and quantitative comparisons of the normal and CHF hearts indicate that congestive heart failure greatly changes many aspects of cardiac functionality. It should be concluded that more research is required to understand the extent of CHF changes and the effects on internal systems as well as better methods of prevention and disease improvement.
Carpenter, Ronald W., "Anatomical Survey: Observation of Physical and Functional Changes due to Congestive Heart Failure" (2016). Honors Capstones. 171.
Northern Illinois University
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