Publication Date


Document Type


First Advisor

Olson, Daniel R.

Degree Name

B.S. (Bachelor of Science)

Legacy Department

Department of Biological Sciences


To gain a better understanding and appreciation of the complexity of cardiopulmonary anatomy and physiology as well the greatly varied nature heart disease, this project emphasized observations of both typical and atypical cardiopulmonary conditions. Specifically, comparisons were made between a heart affected by congestive heart failure (CHF) and a non-affected heart. The hearts of a male (CHF patient) and female cadaver were extracted and dissected. Qualitative observations and basic measurements were taken and a comprehensive literature review was conducted to compare and contrast the expected functionality of the subject’s cardiopulmonary systems. Observations and measurements taken included heart size, weight, general features of the pericardium, myocardium, and endocardium, as well as qualitative observations of the lungs. These measurements were then compared to research and descriptions available in various literary sources (as working with donated cadaver subjects prevented in-depth analysis of living conditions). Both qualitative and quantitative comparisons of the normal and CHF hearts indicate that congestive heart failure greatly changes many aspects of cardiac functionality. It should be concluded that more research is required to understand the extent of CHF changes and the effects on internal systems as well as better methods of prevention and disease improvement.


This project included a lab report detailing a dissection of a heart affected by congestive heart failure as well as a paper discussing typical and atypical cardiopulmonary physiology and anatomy.


20 pages




Northern Illinois University

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