Publication Date


Document Type


First Advisor

Kolb, Michael J.

Degree Name

B.A. (Bachelor of Arts)

Legacy Department

Department of Anthropology


This paper examines data from the Kalepolepo Church Site on the island of Maui, a mid-19th century pondfield and church site. A series of pondfield layers were identified that precede the construction of the church, separated by regular flood intervals. A variety of material culture was recovered, including burnt charcoal, shell midden, pollen and phytoliths. Radiocarbon evidence indicates that the earliest pondfield floor dates to 1410 BP (table 1). Charcoal concentrations suggest early burning of coastal vegetation, corroborated by the pollen samples which suggest a sudden replacement of indigenous coastal vegetation by coastal grasses and shrubs. Extremely high concentrations of shell midden were recovered from the same contexts as the earlier pondfield layers and suggests the discarding of food debris. These data suggest very early human activity in and around Kalepolepo which may have included clearing and burning of local vegetation, and pondfield agriculture.


15 pages




Northern Illinois University

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