Design of Turn-On Near-Infrared Fluorescent Probes for Highly Sensitive and Selective Monitoring of Biopolymers
Angewandte Chemie - International Edition
Simple, sensitive, and selective detection of specific biopolymers is critical in a broad range of biomedical and technological areas. We present a design of turn-on near-infrared (NIR) fluorescent probes with intrinsically high signal-to-background ratio. The fluorescent signal generation mechanism is based on the aggregation/de-aggregation of phthalocyanine chromophores controlled by selective binding of small-molecule “anchor” groups to a specific binding site of a target biopolymer. As a proof-of-concept, we demonstrate a design of a sensor for EGFR tyrosine kinase—an important target in cancer research. The universality of the fluorescent signal generation mechanism, as well as the dependence of the response selectivity on the choice of the small-molecule “anchor” group, make it possible to use this approach to design reliable turn-on NIR fluorescent sensors for detecting specific protein targets present in the low-nanomolar concentration range.
aggregation, biosensors, EGFR tyrosine kinase, fluorescent probes, phthalocyanines
Ducharme, Gerard T.; LaCasse, Zane; Sheth, Tanya; Nesterova, Irina V.; and Nesterov, Evgueni E., "Design of Turn-On Near-Infrared Fluorescent Probes for Highly Sensitive and Selective Monitoring of Biopolymers" (2020). NIU Bibliography. 629.
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry