Title

Toward an Anti-Imperialistic Critical Race Analysis of the Model Minority Myth

Author ORCID Identifier

Jaejin Hwang:https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5831-9688

Publication Title

Review of Educational Research

ISSN

346543

E-ISSN

19351046

Document Type

Article

Abstract

Over the past three decades, many higher education scholars have engaged in efforts to counter the stereotype that Asian Americans achieve universal and unparalleled academic success. While most of these scholars adopt an anti-oppression approach, some researchers have claimed that this literature reinforces oppressive deficit paradigms. To understand this conflict in existing literature, the current authors utilize an anti-imperialistic approach to analyze scholarship on the model minority myth. The current analysis reveals little evidence that research on the myth reinforced hegemonic deficit thinking. Instead, authors find that scholars largely utilized complex and multifaceted antideficit approaches, challenged dominant essentialist model minority frames, engaged in strategic (anti-)essentialism to navigate complex pan-racial contexts, and reframed the myth to achieve diverse purposes that speak to different audiences. Several implications for conducting critiques of literature reviews and future research on the myth are discussed.

First Page

542

Last Page

579

Publication Date

8-1-2020

DOI

10.3102/0034654320933532

Keywords

Asian Americans, critical race theory, deficit thinking, diversity, higher education, model minority myth, Pacific Islanders, racism

Department

Department of Counseling and Higher Education (CAHE)

COinS