Disparate Impacts of Performance Funding Research Incentives on Research Expenditures and State Appropriations
Author ORCID Identifier
Xiaodan Hu: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8648-0601
Performance-based funding (PBF) policies with research incentives have grown in popularity over the years despite little understanding regarding whether they actually work. This study leverages a novel national data set to examine the impact of PBF research incentives on the research expenditures and total state appropriations among public 4-year institutions, with a particular focus on minority-serving institutions. We find that PBF research incentives had no impact on the total amount or relative share of total research expenditures or the total amount of state appropriations allocated to treated institutions, regardless of minority-serving institution status. PBF policies that allowed institutions to self-select or opt into including research incentives as part of their PBF formula had a positive impact on the relative share of expenditures allocated to research and total state appropriations.
accountability, educational policy, finance, higher education, minorities, quasi-experimental analysis
Hu, Xiaodan; Ortagus, Justin C.; Voorhees, Nicholas; Rosinger, Kelly; and Kelchen, Robert, "Disparate Impacts of Performance Funding Research Incentives on Research Expenditures and State Appropriations" (2022). NIU Bibliography. 54.
Fulltext File with Record
Department of Counseling and Higher Education (CAHE)
The version of record of this article, first published in the AERA Open, is available online at the Publisher’s website: https://doi.org/10.1177/23328584211071109