A Revised Ecological Model of Occupational Stress: Applications to 9-1-1 Telecommunicators
Author ORCID Identifier
Workplace Health and Safety
Background: A cohesive body of scientific evidence has documented the adverse impacts of occupational stress on worker health and safety and, to a lesser extent, on organizational outcomes. How such adverse impacts may be prevented and/or ameliorated are important to understand, but progress has been limited due to the lack of a robust and comprehensive theoretical model of occupational stress. Methods: Building on a review of existing theoretical models of occupational stress and an ecological framework, a multilevel conceptual model of occupational stress and strain is proposed that identifies various and potentially interacting sources of occupational stressors as well as potential protective factors. Results: The revised ecological model proposed herein embraces a broad conceptualization of outcomes and includes an individual worker, work unit (team) performance as well as organizational level outcomes; for example, resilience/dysfunction. Conclusion/Application to Practice: This model provides occupational health nurses with an improved understanding of occupational and worker health as well as guidance in developing targeted interventions and generating new lines of occupational stress research.
9-1-1 telecommunicators, ecological model, emergency response, leadership, management, occupational stress
Meischke, Hendrika; Beaton, Randal; Lilly, Michelle M.; Tu, Ann; and Revere, Debra, "A Revised Ecological Model of Occupational Stress: Applications to 9-1-1 Telecommunicators" (2020). NIU Bibliography. 485.
Department of Psychology