Title

Longitudinal Relationships Between Parent Involvement, Parental Warmth, ADHD Symptoms, and Reading Achievement

Author ORCID Identifier

Elizabeth Shelleby:https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0727-7259

Julia Ogg:https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7187-1178

Publication Title

Journal of Attention Disorders

ISSN

10870547

E-ISSN

43653

Document Type

Article

Abstract

Objective: This study examined potential bidirectional relationships between parental warmth, parent involvement in education, child symptoms of ADHD, and achievement between ages five and nine. Method: Using data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, a nationally representative, longitudinal study, associations between ADHD symptoms, parental warmth, parental involvement, and reading achievement in a cross-lagged panel model were analyzed with a sample of 3,386 children. Results: Parental warmth at the age of 5 years was a negative predictor of ADHD symptoms at the age of 9 years; ADHD symptoms at the age of 5 years negatively predicted parental warmth at the age of 9 years. ADHD symptoms at the age of 5 years negatively predicted later parental involvement, but involvement did not predict later ADHD symptoms. Conclusion: Findings provide support for bidirectional associations between parental warmth and ADHD symptoms across time but unidirectional effects from ADHD to parental involvement. These findings have implications for informing intervention efforts to consider both parenting and child-evocative effects.

First Page

737

Last Page

749

Publication Date

3-1-2020

DOI

10.1177/1087054719859075

PubMed ID

31282242

Keywords

achievement, ADHD, parenting

Department

Department of Psychology

COinS