Construct Validity of Cultural Theory Survey Measures
Author ORCID Identifier
Social Science Quarterly
Objective: Cultural Theory (CT) has attracted significant attention across the social sciences and is increasingly being used in survey research. We assess the construct validity of three CT survey operationalizations to help interpret and improve these measures. Methods: A coding protocol for face and content validity of survey items was developed with input from several CT scholars and applied independently by two of authors of this article. Convergent, discriminant, and predictive validity of these items were assessed using survey data. Results: We find that these measures generally lack face and content validity but have reasonably good convergent, discriminant, and predictive validity. Conclusion: While these measures can continue to be used to predict attitudes and behaviors that CT hypothesizes will vary with culture, scholars interested in testing CT's basic claims in survey research should seek to improve their face and content validity, which will also allow better tests of convergent, discriminant, and predictive validity.
Swedlow, Brendon; Ripberger, Joseph T.; Liu, Li Yin; Silva, Carol L.; Jenkins-Smith, Hank; and Johnson, Branden B., "Construct Validity of Cultural Theory Survey Measures" (2020). NIU Bibliography. 324.
Department of Political Science