Bioinformatics Analysis of Plant Cell Wall Evolution
Author ORCID Identifier
Elisabeth Fitzek: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9423-2993
Yabin Yin: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7667-881X
Methods in Molecular Biology
In the past hundreds of millions of years, from green algae to land plants, cell walls have developed into a highly complex structure that is essential for plant growth and survival. Plant cell wall diversity and evolution can be directly investigated by chemically profiling polysaccharides and lignins in the cell walls of diverse plants and algae. With the increasingly low cost and high throughput of DNA sequencing technologies, cell wall evolution can also be studied by bioinformatics analysis of the occurrence of cell wall synthesis-related enzymes in the genomes and transcriptomes of different species. This chapter presents a bioinformatics workflow running on a Linux platform to process genomic data for such gene occurrence analysis. As a case study, cellulose synthase (CesA) and CesA-like (Csl) protein families are mined for in two newly sequenced organisms: the charophyte green alga Klebsormidium flaccidum (renamed as Klebsormidium nitens) and the fern Lygodium japonicum.
Cellulose synthesis, CesA, Csl, GT2, Hemicellulose synthesis, Plant cell walls
Fitzek, Elisabeth; Balazic, Rhiannon; and Yin, Yanbin, "Bioinformatics Analysis of Plant Cell Wall Evolution" (2020). NIU Bibliography. 139.
Department of Biological Sciences