Oral And Topical Insecticide Response Bioassays And Associated Statistical Analyses Used Commonly In Veterinary And Medical Entomology
Author ORCID Identifier
Edwin Burgess: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8144-0897
Journal of Insect Science
Veterinary and medical entomologists who are involved in research on pest control often need to perform dose-response bioassays and analyze the results. This article is meant as a beginner's guide for doing this and includes instructions for using the free program R for the analyses. The bioassays and analyses are described using previously unpublished data from bioassays on house flies, Musca domestica Linnaeus (Diptera: Muscidae), but can be used on a wide range of pest species. Flies were exposed topically to beta-cyfluthrin, a pyrethroid, or exposed to spinosad or spinetoram in sugar to encourage consumption. LD50 values for betacyfluthrin in a susceptible strain were similar regardless of whether mortality was assessed at 24 or 48 h, consistent with it being a relatively quick-acting insecticide. Based on LC50 values, spinetoram was about twice as toxic as spinosad in a susceptible strain, suggesting a benefit to formulating spinetoram for house fly control, although spinetoram was no more toxic than spinosad for a pyrethroid-resistant strain. Results were consistent with previous reports of spinosad exhibiting little cross-resistance. For both spinosad and spinetoram, LC50 values were not greatly different between the pyrethroid-resistant strain and the susceptible strain.
House fly, Pesticide, Probit analysis, R programming, Toxicology
Burgess, Edwin R.; King, Bethia H.; and Geden, Christopher J., "Oral And Topical Insecticide Response Bioassays And Associated Statistical Analyses Used Commonly In Veterinary And Medical Entomology" (2020). NIU Bibliography. 104.
Fulltext File with Record
Department of Biological Sciences