Document Type


Publication Title

Environmental Law Reporter


The Paris Agreement’s goal to hold warming to 1.5°-2°C above pre-industrial levels now appears unrealistic. Profs. Robin Kundis Craig and J.B. Ruhl have recently argued that because a 4°C world may be likely, we must recognize the disruptive consequences of such a world and respond by reimagining governance structures to meet the challenges of adapting to it. In this latest in a biannual series of essays, they and other members of the Environmental Law Collaborative explore what 4°C might mean for a variety of current legal doctrines, planning policies, governance structures, and institutions.

First Page


Last Page


Publication Date



College of Law

Suggested Citation

Karrigan Börk, Karen Bradshaw, Cinnamon Piñon Carlarne, Robin Kundis Craig, Sarah Fox, Joshua Galperin, Keith H. Hirokawa, Shi-Ling Hsu, Katrina Fischer Kuh, Kevin J. Lynch, Michele Okoh, Jessica Owley, Melissa Powers, Shannon Roesler, J. B. Ruhl, James E. Salzman, David Takacas & Clifford Villa, Adapting To a 4°C World, 52 Env't L. Rep. 10211 (2022).

Included in

Law Commons