Document Type


Publication Title

Mercer Law Review


In July 2017, the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws (NCCUSL) approved and recommended for enactment in all U.S. states a new Uniform Parentage Act (UPA). This Act follows the 1973 and 2000 UPAs, which have been widely adopted. While all three UPAs recognize forms of childcare parentage beyond biological ties (in and outside of marital births) and formal adoptions, the 2017 UPA is quite expansive in recognizing such forms, including in its provisions on de facto parentage, voluntary acknowledgment parentage, and intended parentage of children born of assisted reproduction. These expanded forms of childcare parentage, relevant to child custody, visitation, and support issues, are chiefly dependent on childcare agreements and parental-like acts rather than on blood ties or formal adoptions. This Article focuses on the choice of law problems arising with these expanded forms of childcare parentage.

First Page


Last Page


Publication Date

Winter 2019


College of Law



Suggested Citation

Jeffrey A. Parness, Faithful Parents: Choice of Childcare Parentage Laws, 70 Mercer L. Rev. 325 (2019).

Included in

Law Commons