Alt Title

Department of Industrial Arts

Publication Date


Document Type


First Advisor

Kohler, Roderick G.||Quick, Otho J.

Degree Name

M.S. (Master of Science)

Legacy Department

Department of Industrial Arts


Vocational teachers--Training of


The roots of the modem building trades classes stem from the earliest vocational programs in the country. One of the first secondary schools in the United States which attempted to teach trades was the New York Trade school, which opened in 1881. The trades taught in this school were house, sign and fresco painting, bricklaying, plastering, stone cutting, electrical work, steam and hot water fitting, blacksmithing, carpentry, sheet metal work, printing and plumbing. The development of vocational programs was relatively slow until World War I. There was no pressing need for apprentices because European immigrants had furnished a plentiful supply. With the advent of the war, however, this supply was cut off at a time when this country was experiencing a great industrial expansion. This shortage of skilled labor was instrumental in the inauguration of the apprenticeship training program on a large scale to meet the demands of the war economy.


Includes bibliographical references.


64 pages




Northern Illinois University

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