Publication Date


Document Type


First Advisor

York, Cindy

Second Advisor

Demir, Fatih

Degree Name

Ph.D. (Doctor of Philosophy)

Legacy Department

Department of Educational Technology, Research and Assessment (ETRA)


This qualitative case study explored the most helpful accommodations for students with low vision in online courses. Utilizing online surveys and individual interviews, this case study took place at a U.S. public university in the Midwest. The theoretical framework for this study was Universal Design for Learning (UDL). The findings indicate that students with low vision prefer receiving text and audio information. Additionally, the findings showed that extended time was the most helpful accommodation, alternative formats for materials, headings, and color-contrasting for online content were the most helpful accessibility aspects, and screen readers were the most helpful assistive technology. The findings also reported the participants’ perspectives about including audio-recorded PowerPoint lectures and adding audio features for the discussion boards. Moreover, the participants suggested the instructors should record video to deliver online materials. These findings are significant because they will help instructional designers and online instructors design effective online courses and provide accommodations with the appropriate support that students with low vision need to be successful in online courses.


146 pages




Northern Illinois University

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In Copyright

Rights Statement 2

NIU theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from Huskie Commons for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without the written permission of the authors.

Media Type