Publication Date


Document Type


First Advisor

Degges-White, Suzanne

Degree Name

Ph.D. (Doctor of Philosophy)

Legacy Department

Department of Counseling and Higher Education (CAHE)


Nearly 26% of American adults have a disability. The goal of vocational rehabilitation for individuals with disabilities is to participate in the labor market and improve their quality of life. Employment is an excellent community reintegration. The U.S. Department of Labor reported that in 2020, a total of 4.7 million veterans received a rating of the service-connected disability from the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) or the U.S. Department of Defense. The unemployment rate for veterans with a disability is 6.2%, which is not a significant difference from the unemployment rate of 7.2% for veterans without a disability. According to the Department of Labor, more than 87% of the labor force were comprised of people between the ages of 25 to 54 years old who may or may not have disability. However, the U.S. Department of Labor reported that 54% of unemployed veterans with and without a disability were aged 25 to 54. There is a need to investigate how to promote job retention for veterans with disabilities besides increasing employment outcomes. The Department of Labor further stated that the rate of veterans with a disability who worked for the federal government was 10% more than veterans with no disability. What is the role of disability in job embeddedness and veterans’ turnover intention? This study evaluated the moderating effects of veterans’ disability in job embeddedness and turnover intention.


106 pages




Northern Illinois University

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