Carter, Adam W.
Ph.D. (Doctor of Philosophy)
Department of Counseling and Higher Education (CAHE)
The focus of this study was to explore the perception of the supervisory working alliance (SWA) and counseling efficacy beliefs for CITs who work with LGBTGEQIAP+ client(s). There is evidence that supports the importance of a strong SWA that aids in CIT development and the importance of counseling self-efficacy in clinical supervision. However, few researchers have explored the perceptions of the SWA, counseling self-efficacy, other-efficacy beliefs on CITs counseling self-efficacy with no models that explored these concepts when CITs work with LGBTGEQIAP+ clients. This study was conducted to explore these perceptions of the SWA, counseling efficacy beliefs, and how these concepts played a role in CITs’ overall counseling self-efficacy. The following research questions helped frame and understanding of how the perceived working alliance and counseling efficacy beliefs influences CIT’s LGBTGEQIAP+ work: (1) How do CITs and supervisors separately describe their supervisory working alliance?; (2) How do CITs and supervisors separately describe their counseling self-efficacy beliefs about working with LGBTGEQIAP+ clients?; (3) How do CITs and supervisors separately perceive each other’s (other-efficacy) capabilities with counseling competencies to work with LGBTGEQIAP+ clients?; (4) How do CITs describe their perceived SWA influence on their overall counseling self-efficacy to work with LGBTGEQIAP+ clients?; and (5) How do clients describe their counseling experiences working with their CIT? A cross-case study qualitative research methodology was utilized to explore perceptions across four cases: one supervisor, one CIT, one client per case. Data findings were examined from within cases and then across case themes. Data were obtained by an online Qualtrics eligibility screener, a demographic questionnaire, and personal interviews. The personal interview questions were influenced by the LGB-CSI-SF, and the SWAI-T/S. Findings suggest a linkage between how CITs believe they are perceived by their supervisors and how they see their own counseling self-efficacy to work with LGBTGEQIAP+ clients. Finally, implications, limitations, and recommendations for future research were presented. Keywords: Counseling self-efficacy, other-efficacy beliefs, LGBTGEQIAP+, SWA
Gavin, Sandra Gene, "Exploring Superivsion, Efficacy Beliefs, and The Supervisory Working Alliance When Counselors-in-Training Work with Lgbtgeqiap+ Clients" (2021). Graduate Research Theses & Dissertations. 7058.
Northern Illinois University
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