Demaray, Michelle K.
Ph.D. (Doctor of Philosophy)
Department of Psychology
Previous research has explored the connections between various psychosocial factors among students, such as the negative association between self-efficacy and stress, or the influence of affect on stress. A separate vein of research has explored the nature of roles and how expectations and behaviors arise for particular roles such as those associated with work or school. As of yet, little to no research has attempted to bridge the gap between these veins of research in order to explore student satisfaction with various roles and what effect, if any, those perceptions have on overall levels of stress. The current study focused on three types of role satisfaction (family roles, friend role, and student roles) as predictors of overall stress, as well as how self-efficacy and negative affect function as intermediate factors in this evaluative process. Within a sample of undergraduate students (N = 163), none of the three types of role satisfaction significantly predicted overall stress. It was proposed that general self-efficacy might function as a mediator in the relation between role satisfaction and stress, but this was not supported for any of the three types of role satisfaction. Finally, an additional model of moderated mediation was tested with general self-efficacy proposed as a mediator in the relation between role satisfaction and stress and negative affect moderating the relation between self-efficacy and stress. However, no evidence for moderated mediation was found with each of the types of role satisfaction. Limitations to the current study are discussed, as well as directions for future research.
Emmons, Jonathan, "Exploring The Interconnections of Role Satisfaction, Self-Efficacy, Negative Affect, and Stress Among College Students" (2022). Graduate Research Theses & Dissertations. 7004.
Northern Illinois University
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