Publication Date


Document Type


First Advisor

Wilcox, Virginia

Degree Name

Ph.D. (Doctor of Philosophy)

Legacy Department

Department of Economics


This analysis examines the effects of conditional and unconditional cash transfer on household fertility decisions and other indicators of human capital accumulation. To test my hypotheses, I rely on the UCT and CCT sub-arms of the Cash-Plus Program recently implemented in Uganda. The design of the Cash-Plus Program follows randomized control trials for intervention. My empirical findings show that the Cash-Plus Program have no discernible impact on beneficiary households' pregnancy incidence. The only effect on the primary outcomes of interest is a marginally significant effect for household heads aged 25 to 49, who received unconditional treatments. The results also show that the UCT intervention had a weakly significant effect on school enrollment and vaccination, decreased school grade repetition, and child mortality but did not reduce child labor and the prevalence of diarrhea in children 0 to 5 years of age. In contrast, CCT intervention shows significant increases in household chores and secondary activities such as farm labor or child labor in animal husbandry. Regarding women's empowerment, intervention effects are primarily limited to household resource utilization and decisions to work outside the household.


186 pages




Northern Illinois University

Rights Statement

In Copyright

Rights Statement 2

NIU theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from Huskie Commons for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without the written permission of the authors.

Media Type