Publication Date


Document Type


First Advisor

Rosenbaum, Alan

Degree Name

Ph.D. (Doctor of Philosophy)

Legacy Department

Department of Psychology


Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy; Aggressiveness--Treatment; Cognitive therapy; Behavior modification


Mindfulness-based interventions are increasingly being used to reduce aggressive behavior; however, the mechanisms through which increases in mindfulness are associated with reductions in aggression are not well understood. Based on research suggesting that mindfulness-induced alterations to inhibitory control might be a potential mechanism for this effect, the present study evaluated whether a single, brief mindfulness induction would have immediate, state-based effects on aggressive behavior and whether, if present, such effects would be partially explained by mindfulness-induced changes to inhibitory control. A focused-breathing exercise was used to induce mindfulness in a sample of aggressive, mindfulness-naive, male undergraduates, whose performances on the Stroop task and Taylor Aggression Paradigm were then compared to that of a control group (N = 65). No significant between-groups differences in TAP performance or Stroop interference scores were detected, and response inhibition was not a significant predictor of aggressive behavior. Results suggest that the previously identified effects of mindfulness on inhibitory control and aggressive behavior may not be present after a single mindfulness induction. Problems with operationalizing and assessing mindfulness are discussed.


Advisors: Alan Rosenbaum.||Committee members: David Bridgett; Julie Crouch; Michelle Lilly; Karen White; Katja Wiemer.||Includes bibliographical references.


vi, 115 pages




Northern Illinois University

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