Author

Jae-Hun Jung

Publication Date

2015

Document Type

Dissertation/Thesis

First Advisor

Kim, So-Yeun

Degree Name

M.S. Ed. (Master of Education)

Department

Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education

LCSH

Physical education||Early childhood education||Kinesiology||Education, Preschool--Software--Research||Preschool children--Education--Software--Research||Developmentally disabled children--Education--Software--Research||Readiness for school--Research

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate validity and reliability evidence of Smart Start-Second Edition (Zittel, Kim, & Wessel, 2014) (Smart Start-2) in preschoolers with and without a disability. Thirty-two preschoolers with a disability and 28 preschoolers without a disability participated in the study. The mean age of all participants, preschoolers with a disability, and preschoolers without a disability were 50.98 months (SD = 7.86, range 37 -- 64), 53.28 months (SD = 7.28), and 48.35 months (SD = 7.78), respectively. Each participant was asked to perform 12 fundamental movement skills. The participants' fundamental movement skills performances were filmed and examined with Smart Start-2 and Test of Gross Motor Development-Second Edition (Ulrich, 2000) (TGMD-2) by three trained raters. For validity evidence of Smart Start-2, correlations between data of Smart Start-2 and TGMD-2 were examined with Pearson product-moment correlation coefficients. Intra-rater reliability and inter-rater reliability were also examined using a proportion of agreement, modified kappa coefficient, and intraclass correlation coefficient. Large correlations between data of Smart Start-2 and TGMD-2 were found for total score (r = .89, p < .01), for sum of scores on locomotor skills (r = .92, p < .01), and sum of scores on object control skills (r = .92, p < .01). Across three raters, the average proportions of agreements for intra-rater using Smart Start-2 on all participants, preschoolers with a disability, and preschoolers without a disability were .92, .91, and .91, respectively. Across three raters, the mean of modified kappa coefficients for intra-rater reliability using Smart Start-2 on all participants, preschoolers with a disability, and preschoolers without a disability were .83 (SD = .09, range .52 -- 1.00), .83 (SD = .09, range .60 - .96), and .83 (SD = .10, range .52 -- 1.00), respectively. The mean of intraclass correlation coefficients for intra-rater reliability using Smart Start-2 on all participants, preschoolers with a disability, and preschoolers without a disability were .96 (95% confidence interval: .94 - .97), .96 (95% confidence interval: .90 - .97), and .96 (95% confidence interval: .93 - .98), respectively.;The average proportion of agreements for inter-rater using Smart Smart-2 on all participants, preschoolers with a disability, and preschoolers without a disability were .86, .87, and .86, respectively. The mean of modified kappa coefficients, across three raters, for inter-rater on all participants, preschoolers without a disability, and preschoolers without a disability were .71 ( SD = .11, range .42 - .89), .72 (SD = .10, range .42- .87), and .69 (SD = .10, range .45 - .89), respectively. The mean of Intraclass correlation coefficients for intra-rater reliability using Smart Start-2 on all participants, preschoolers with a disability, and preschoolers without a disability were .93 (95% confidence interval: .89 - .96), .95 (95% confidence interval: .89 -.97), and .89 (95% confidence interval: .72 - .95), respectively. However, a one-way repeated measures ANOVA showed significant differences of the total scores of Smart Start-2 between raters. The major findings of this study support evidence of concurrent validity and intra-rater reliability and inter-rater reliability of the Smart Start-2 for assessing FMS for preschoolers with/without a disability using 3 trained raters.

Comments

Advisors: So-Yeun Kim; Lauriece Zittel.||Committee members: Marilyn Looney.

Extent

82 pages

Language

eng

Publisher

Northern Illinois University

Rights Statement

In Copyright

Rights Statement 2

NIU theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from Huskie Commons for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without the written permission of the authors.

Media Type

Text

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