Publication Date

2006

Document Type

Dissertation/Thesis

First Advisor

Skowronski, John J.

Degree Name

Ph.D. (Doctor of Philosophy)

Department

Department of Psychology

LCSH

Autobiographical memory--Illinois--De Kalb

Abstract

The present studies examined the fading affect bias (FAB): The tendency across time for the unpleasantness prompted by the recall of unpleasant autobiographical events to fade from memory faster than the pleasantness prompted by the recall of pleasant autobiographical events. Guided by ideas about mood misattribution, the present studies examined the extent to which individuals’ pre-existing mood moderated the FAB. In Study 1, each participant (N = 156) retrospectively recalled 50 autobiographical events and rated each event according to the affect intensity prompted at the event’s occurrence and at recall. Participants also completed a dispositional mood measure and a measure of global life satisfaction. In Study 2 (N= 166), participants were randomly assigned to a mood-dampening condition, a mood-uplifting condition, or a no-music control group. It was hypothesized that participants in the no-music control group would show the usual FAB: Participants with high levels of dispositional positive mood and those in the moodenhancing condition would show an enhanced FAB, and participants with high levels of dispositional negative mood and those in the mood-dampening condition would evidence a reduced FAB. The data in both studies suggested that pre-existing mood did not moderate the FAB in these ways. The theoretical implications of the findings, the limitations of the present studies, and ideas for future research are discussed.

Comments

Includes bibliographical references (pages [68]-72).

Extent

84 pages

Language

eng

Publisher

Northern Illinois University

Rights Statement

In Copyright

Rights Statement 2

NIU theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from Huskie Commons for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without the written permission of the authors.

Media Type

Text

Share

COinS