Author

Louis Shirley

Publication Date

1993

Document Type

Dissertation/Thesis

First Advisor

Smith, Fred H.

Degree Name

M.A. (Master of Arts)

Department

Department of Anthropology

LCSH

Fossil hominids--Germany||Paleolithic period--Germany||Human evolution||Neanderthals

Abstract

This thesis is a systematic quantitative and qualitative comparative analysis of the humerus found in 1932 at the Vogelherd cave in Southwestern Germany by Gustav Riek. Notable for the extremely robust size of the muscular insertions of the deltoid and pectoralis major muscles, this specimen is of considerable importance to the debate on the origins of modern Europeans. While the humerus has been previously only cursorily mentioned in the literature as Neandertal, or "Neandertal-like," this thesis suggests that the Vogelherd humerus represents an extremely robust Early Upper Paleolithic individual. Recovered from the context of Early Aurignacian levels at the cave which radiocarbon dates from Vogelherd and the nearby site of GeiBenklosterle suggest may date in excess of 3 5000 B. P. , this specimen represents the earliest known human postcranial material yet recovered in direct association with the Aurignacian, and it allows direct postcranial comparison between Neandertals and Early Modern Humans in the Circum-Mediterranean area. The implications of this specimen on the debate over modern European origins are investigated with the conclusion that the Vogelherd humerus neither proves nor disproves any of the current dissenting theories on the origins of modern humans.

Comments

Includes bibliographical references (pages [107]-[110])

Extent

[110] pages

Language

eng

Publisher

Northern Illinois University

Rights Statement

In Copyright

Rights Statement 2

NIU theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from Huskie Commons for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without the written permission of the authors.

Media Type

Text

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