Publication Date

1969

Document Type

Dissertation/Thesis

First Advisor

Kevill, Dennis N.||Kloss, Robert A.||Reynolds, Rosalie D.

Degree Name

M.S. (Master of Science)

Department

Department of Chemistry

LCSH

Isotopes||Solution (Chemistry)

Abstract

The kinetics of the reactions in acetonitrile and nitromethane of tert. -butylchloride and tert.-butyl-d9-chloride with pyridine, chloride and perchlorate ions supplied (i) as pyridine (ii) as their tetraethylammonium salts (iii) as a mixture of pyridine and tetraethyl- ammonium salts have been investigated at a constant temperature of 45.0°C. The rate of acid formation has been determined. Me₃CCl --- Me₂C=CH₂ + HCl The kinetic isotope effects found in acetonitrile at 45.0°C for the first-order reaction of tert.-butyl-chloride and tert.-butyl-d9-chloride with pyridine is kh/kd = 2.70, and for the second-order reaction with tetraethylammonium chloride it is kh/kd = 4.00. Reliable data in nitromethane has not yet been obtained due to solvent complications. Therefore, at the moment, only tentative data for the non-deuterated system are reported. All kinetic data and standard deviations were calculated by the computer program outlined in the appendix.

Comments

Includes bibliographical references.

Extent

vii, 69 pages

Language

eng

Publisher

Northern Illinois University

Rights Statement

In Copyright

Rights Statement 2

NIU theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from Huskie Commons for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without the written permission of the authors.

Media Type

Text

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