Author

Nicole Loring

Publication Date

2019

Document Type

Dissertation/Thesis

First Advisor

Jacobsen, Trude

Degree Name

Ph.D. (Doctor of Philosophy)

Department

Department of Political Science

LCSH

Political science

Abstract

How did Myanmar's military embrace liberalization more during 2011-2015 than in the 1988-2002 period? Myanmar has long been treated as an outlying case by studies on democratization, liberalization, and transitions from authoritarian regimes due to its longstanding military regime. Protests in 1988 led to pressure on the regime to hold elections in 1990, leading to an electoral victory for the opposition party the National League for Democracy (NLD), but the results were ultimately overturned, and Myanmar's military regime persisted. The period of 2011-2015 showed marked similarities with the earlier 1988-2002 period, including protests and pressure for democratic elections. Despite the seemingly analogous events between these two periods, when the NLD again won a majority of votes in the 2015 general elections, Myanmar's regime allowed the results to stand and opened the door for a process of liberalization and democratization. This project explores how the political environment changed in Myanmar from 1988 to 2015. Through the use of interviews, a media content analysis, and process tracing, I find that a series of institutional changes which took place during the 2003-2010 period contributed to the regime's sense of confidence in their ability to control a transition, ultimately creating an opportunity for political change in one of the world's most durable authoritarian regime.

Comments

Committee members: Than, Tharaphi; Un, Kheang.||Advisors: Jacobsen, Trude; Clark, Michael.||Includes illustrations.||Includes bibliographical references.

Extent

429 pages

Language

eng

Publisher

Northern Illinois University

Rights Statement

In Copyright

Rights Statement 2

NIU theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from Huskie Commons for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without the written permission of the authors.

Media Type

Text

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