Publication Date


Document Type


First Advisor

Ball, Thomas E.

Degree Name

M.S. (Master of Science)


Department of Physical Education


Physical fitness||Muscle strength


The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of push-ups and absolute muscular endurance (YMCA bench press test) for predicting maximal bench press strength. Subjects were 144 untrained to moderately weight-trained males ranging from 18 to 34 years of age. Within 15 days, each subject performed (a) a one-repetition maximum bench press with free weights, (b) timed 60-second pushups, and (c) an absolute muscular endurance test. Care was taken to maintain proper form for each exercise. Results of a multiple regression analysis revealed that bench press absolute endurance was more effective for predicting bench press strength (86% of the variance accounted for; SEE = 13.30 lb) than either push-ups (31% of the variance accounted for; SEE = 29.40 lb), or push-ups and body weight (56% of the variance accounted for; SEE = 23.43 lb). Body weight did not have any effect on predicting bench press strength from absolute endurance (r = .93). Cross- validation (N = 48) for the prediction equation using bench press absolute endurance accounted for 91 % of the variance (SEE = 9.9 lb) between the measured and predicted bench press strength (r = .95). The results of this study suggest that absolute endurance may provide a feasible alternative to the one-repetition maximum in the assessment of strength.


Includes bibliographical references (leaf 21)


vi, 23 pages




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