Feldman, Solomon E.
M.A. (Master of Arts)
Department of Psychology
Jealousy; Sex (Psychology); College students--Attitudes
In order to investigate the relationship between sex-typing and sexual jealousy, this study examined the correlations of sex-type with both the primary appraisal variables which precede feelings of sexual jealousy and the emotional reactions and coping behaviors which accompany feelings of jealousy. It was hypothesized that the crucial individual difference variable affecting sexual jealousy would be sex-type and not gender. The White Inventory (White, 1981a), which measures primary appraisal processes mediating jealousy, the Bern Sex Role Inventory (Bern, 1974), and the Bryson Inventory (Bryson, Note 10), which assesses emotional reactions and coping behaviors in response to jealousy, were administered concurrently to a sample of 400 undergraduates (200 males, 200 females). Subjects were classified as androgynous, masculine, feminine, or undifferentiated based on their responses to the BSRI. The data from both the White and Bryson Inventories were separately factor analyzed in order to determine if the factors identified by the authors in their respective questionnaires could be replicated. While White's factor structure was essentially confirmed, the attempt to replicate Bryson's factors was unsuccessful, so that the factor structure derived in the present analysis was utilized in the statistical computations. Further statistical analyses of the subjects' responses to the White Inventory yielded results which were somewhat equivocal. Analyses of variance performed on each scale demonstrated that the main effect for gender was not significant for any of the factors, but these factors were experienced to different degrees by individuals of various sex-type classifications. However, while multiple regressions revealed some differences among these primary appraisal factors that were related to chronic jealousy as a function of gender, there were no differences among these correlations as a function of sex-type. Statistical analyses performed on the factors derived from the Bryson Inventory indicated a main effect for gender was significant for the Punishment/Coercion of Partner factor, while differences among the sex-types were apparent on the Lowered Self-efficacy and Revitalization scales. Correlations among the factors assessed by the various feelings and behaviors which accompanied sexual jealousy were differentially related to specific appraisal processes. Suggestions for future research were presented.
Amstutz, Diane Kay, "The relationship between sex-typing and sexual jealousy among college males and females" (1982). Graduate Research Theses & Dissertations. 6176.
x, 177 pages
Northern Illinois University
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