Springer, James W.
M.A. (Master of Arts)
Department of Anthropology
Prehistoric peoples--Illinois; Indians of North America--Illinois--Commerce; Illinois--Antiquities
Excavations and surface collections from the Apple River in Jo Daviess County, Illinois show that .the area was occupied since the very early Holocene, about 10,000 years ago. This work focuses upon the nature of trading relationships which were established during the Late Archaic beginning about 2,000 B.C. and ending with the Late Woodland occupation of the river by Effigy Mound people about 1,000 A.D. It is shown that the incipient trade associations had relevance to an understanding of later occupation of the Nickerson Focus on the Galena River by Hopewell culture traders. The effects of this occupation are then shown in the nature of the lithic technology of subsequent cultures which were effected by technological innovations brought to the area by the Hopewell Interaction Sphere.
Janssen, William A., "The prehistory of the Apple River, Northwestern Illinois : the Late Archaic and the Late Woodland" (1982). Graduate Research Theses & Dissertations. 6100.
ix, 150 pages
Northern Illinois University
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