The origin and evolution of the Islamic minar in Syria, Iraq and Egypt

Publication Date


Document Type


First Advisor

Shahzaman, M.

Degree Name

M.A. (Master of Arts)

Legacy Department

Department of Art


Architecture--Middle East; Islamic architecture


This study of minar architecture deals specifically with the origin and evolution of the Islamic tower in Syria, Iraq and Egypt. As an inquiry into the origin of the minar, an attempt has been made to document the earliest examples of minar architecture and to indicate the relationship between pre-Islamic towers and the minar. The origin of the minar as evidenced from this research has been shown to be Syrian. Through a survey of several regional prototypes as well as a stylistic analysis and comparison, the influence of Syrian Graeco-Roman and Christian towers on the early development of the square style Syrian minar has been suggested. As a stylistic analysis of minar architecture, an attempt has been made to discuss the evolution and continuity of the various basic styles of minar within these regions. The minars of each region are discussed independently in chronological order so as to illustrate and trace the full development of each style. Detailed attention has also been given to the evolution of local variations in style. The exchange of ideas and the interrelationship of the evolution of the underlying basic minar styles within Syria, Iraq and Egypt is also considered within this study.


Includes bibliographical references (pages [88]-90)


103 pages




Northern Illinois University

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