Publication Date

1993

Document Type

Dissertation/Thesis

First Advisor

Powlishta, Kimberly K.

Degree Name

M.A. (Master of Arts)

Department

Department of Psychology

LCSH

Ego (Psychology) in adolescence||Adolescent psychology||Identity (Psychology) in adolescence

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to test an alternative theoretical framework for understanding the imaginary audience (IA) and personal fable (PF) constructs. The key assumptions of the traditional cognitive or "adolescent egocentrism" framework have not been upheld, and the traditional approach lacks explanatory power for inconsistent findings in the literature (e.g, gender differences, age differences). A social-cognitive model of the constructs has been suggested, but never tested. It was hypothesized that level of social perspectivetaking (SPT) development would predict both IA and PF sensitivity. Ninety-six adolescents from three grade levels completed the Adolescent Egocentrism Scale (measuring IA and PF) and Selman's Interpersonal Understanding Interview (to assess level of SPT). Results from multiple regression analyses indicate that level of SPT development interacts with grade to elevate personal fable sensitivity. Level of social-cognitive development may be necessary but not sufficient for producing increased feelings of personal uniqueness and isolation (PF) among young adolescents. Theoretical implications and future directions for research are discussed.

Comments

Includes bibliographical references (pages [70]-75)

Extent

102 pages

Language

eng

Publisher

Northern Illinois University

Rights Statement

In Copyright

Rights Statement 2

NIU theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from Huskie Commons for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without the written permission of the authors.

Media Type

Text

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