Schwartz, Steven, 1946-
M.A. (Master of Arts)
Department of Psychology
Electronic data processing--Psychology||Personality tests
The prime purpose of the present study was to assess the hypothesized neutral, non-judgmental quality of a computer in a psychological testing situation. Four independent variables were investigated, two situational variables and two personality variables. The two situational variables consisted of mode of test administration (human or computer) and mode of subjects' response (oral or nonoral) . The two personality variables consisted of sex guilt as measured by the Mosher Forced Choice Sex Guilt Scale and need for approval as measured by the Marlowe- Crowne Social Desirability Scale. The dependent variables consisted of sexual responsivity on the Galbraith Word Association Test and sexual denial on the Katkovsky Sexual Denial Scale. The subjects consisted of 96 male undergraduate students randomly assigned to one of four experimental conditions: 1) human test administration with subjects responding orally; 2) human test administration with subjects responding non-orally; 3) computer test administration with subjects responding orally; and 4) computer administration with subjects responding non-orally. The two dependent variables, sexual responsiveness and sexual denial, were analyzed in a series of 2 x 2 x 2 factorial design ANOVA's consisting of Sex Guilt x Mode of Test Administration x Mode of Response and Need for Approval x Mode of Test Administration x Mode of Response. The results indicated that the personality variable of sex guilt was related to both sexual responsiveness and sexual denial with high guilt subjects exhibiting less sexual responsiveness and greater sexual denial than low guilt subjects. Need for approval was related only to sexual denial with high need for approval subjects exhibiting greater sexual denial than low need for approval subjects. The results failed to support then main hypothesis that a computer could serve as a more neutral, non-judgement test administrator than a human.
Heinrich, Jerrold J., "The effects of sex guilt, need for approval, and mode of test administration (human or computer) on sexual responsiveness and denial" (1974). Graduate Research Theses & Dissertations. 5698.
viii, 130 pages
Northern Illinois University
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