Publication Date


Document Type


First Advisor

Pender, Nola J., 1941-

Degree Name

M.S. (Master of Science)

Legacy Department

Department of Nursing


Stress (Psychology); Depression; Mental; Exercise therapy


The relationship between regular physical exercise and the variables of stress, depression, and job-related strain were examined in this study. It was hypothesized that individuals who had participated in an exercise program for a long period of time (23 to 26 months) would experience less A-Trait anxiety, manifest fewer symptoms of depression, and experience less job-related strain than individuals who had participated in an exercise program for a short period of time (1 to Ik months). Subjects were employees of a large oil research and refinery company located in a southern suburb of Chicago. Twenty-five subjects comprised the group of short-term exercisers, while the long-term exercise group totaled forty-two subjects. Subjects completed four questionnaires - one to determine demographic data* the State-Trait * Anxiety Inventory, Form X-2, developed by Spielberger, Gorsuch, and Lushenej the Depression Adjective Check Lists, Form F, developed by Lubinj and the Index of Job- Related Strain, developed by Indik, Seashore, and Slesinger Demographic data for the two groups were compared using the chi-square statistic and Pearson Correlation Coefficients. Data from the other three questionnaires were analyzed by t-test in order to evaluate differences between the short-term and long-term exercisers. The difference between mean scores of the two groups on the Depression Adjective Check Lists, Form F, was found to be statistically significant (p=0.006), with the long-term exercise group reporting more depressive symptoms than the short-term exercise group. There were no significant differences in mean scores of the two groups on the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Form X-2 and the Index of Job-Related Strain. Thusj the hypotheses of the study were not supported.


Includes bibliographical references.


v, 46 pages




Northern Illinois University

Rights Statement

In Copyright

Rights Statement 2

NIU theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from Huskie Commons for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without the written permission of the authors.

Media Type