Publication Date

2002

Document Type

Dissertation/Thesis

First Advisor

Coover, Gary D.

Degree Name

Ph.D. (Doctor of Philosophy)

Department

Department of Psychology

LCSH

Fear||Conditioned response||Inferior colliculus||Auditory cortex

Abstract

Over the past few decades, Pavlovian conditioning procedures have been utilized to advance our understanding of the neural systems involved in the production of fear. While much is known about the neural systems involved in the production of fear, little is known about the neural systems involved in the inhibition of fear. In rats, the inhibition of fear can be examined using a feature-negative discrimination procedure in which a noise stimulus acquires the ability to inhibit fear to a light which signals danger. Because the “safety” properties of this noise must be transmitted through auditory pathways in the brain, identification of these auditory pathways will help to identify a component of the neural circuit involved in the inhibition of fear. The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of lesions of structures within the auditory system in an effort to disrupt the detection of the noise inhibitor. To accomplish this, four experiments were conducted in which rats were first given feature-negative discrimination training followed by lesions of the inferior colliculus (IC), mediate geniculate body (MGB), auditory thalamus (ADT), or auditory cortex (CTX). Next, rats were tested for the ability to inhibit fear in the presence of the noise safety signal. The results of these experiments indicated that bilateral lesions of either the IC or ADT disrupted the ability of the noise inhibitor to inhibit fear to a light CS. In contrast, lesions largely restricted to the MGB or CTX did not disrupt the inhibition of fear. These results suggest that an auditory pathway(s) which includes the IC and ADT is used to detect the safety properties previously conditioned to an auditory stimulus.

Comments

Includes bibliographical references (pages [118]-136)

Extent

viii, 136 pages

Language

eng

Publisher

Northern Illinois University

Rights Statement

In Copyright

Rights Statement 2

NIU theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from Huskie Commons for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without the written permission of the authors.

Media Type

Text

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