Publication Date

1980

Document Type

Dissertation/Thesis

First Advisor

Perry, E. C. (Eugene C.), 1933-

Degree Name

M.S. (Master of Science)

Department

Department of Geology

LCSH

Aquifers--Illinois

Abstract

Oxygen and hydrogen (deuterium) isotope ratios for the waters of the Cambro-Ordovician aquifer of northern Illinois closely approximate the ratios in meteoric water, implying that little isotope exchange has occurred between groundwater and rocks of the aquifer. Delta ¹⁸0 of groundwater in the system ranges from about -7 permil (vs. SMOW), characteristic of modern precipitation in Illinois, to about -12 permil, characteristic of modern precipitation in considerably colder climates than that of northern Illinois. The implication of this is that some of the water in the Cambro-Ordovician aquifer system of northern Illinois may have been stored since the Pleistocene. Pleistocene climatic evidence suggests that the light water is glacial meltwater. Based on δ¹⁸0 content, a map of % modern water has been contoured. Sulfur and oxygen isotopes in sulfate in northern Illinois groundwater suggest this sulfate to be a mixture.of two end-member compositions. One end-member (δS = +20, 6 δ¹⁸0 = +16) presumably is derived from Paleozoic sulfate minerals in rocks associated with the aquifer. The other sulfate component (δS = +2.6, δ¹⁸0 = +1.5) presumably results from oxidation of sulfides in the glacial drift overlying the aquifer. The presence of natural isotope tracers in the groundwater of northern Illinois and adjacent areas should prove useful in establishing recharge and possible flow patterns in this important aquifer.

Comments

Includes bibliographical references.

Extent

vii, 88 pages

Language

eng

Publisher

Northern Illinois University

Rights Statement

In Copyright

Rights Statement 2

NIU theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from Huskie Commons for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without the written permission of the authors.

Media Type

Text

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