Publication Date

1964

Document Type

Dissertation/Thesis

First Advisor

Woodruff, Arnold Bond, 1920-||Pielstick, Norval L.

Degree Name

M.A. (Master of Arts)

Department

Department of Psychology

LCSH

Behaviorism (Psychology)||Child development||Adjustment (Psychology)||Child psychology

Abstract

Exploratory behavior in animals and human beings has generated a substantial amount of research and theoretical interest. The theoretical framework suggested by Glanzer lends helpful interpretation to this phenomenon as it can be applied to human beings as well as animals. Briefly, this position maintains that exploratory behavior is elicited by novel stimuli and retarded by the effects of stimulus satiation. A stimulus is regarded as "novel" to the degree that it is unrelated to the organism's previous experience, i.e., it has not been previously explored. As exploration takes place, the organism becomes satiated to the previously novel stimuli and activity gradually subsides. Exploratory behavior persists longest where novel stimuli are complex. Though there are consistant findings that the stimulus variables of novelty and complexity elicit exploratory behavior, there is no study that had dealt with extraneous novel stimuli as potentially distracting variables in the experimental situation. The purpose of this experiment was to test for this possibility by giving grade school children opportunity to gain familiarity with the experimenter and the experimental situation.. In the present study this was accomplished through the use of three-day adaptation periods with the experimenter and the experimental situation prior to the time exploratory behavior was measured. It was found that the children who were adapted to the experimental situation were significantly more responsive to the stimuli employed to measure exploration than were those who were not adapted, but adaptation to the experimenter exerted no differential effect.

Comments

Includes bibliographical references.||Includes illustrations.

Extent

61 pages

Language

eng

Publisher

Northern Illinois University

Rights Statement

In Copyright

Rights Statement 2

NIU theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from Huskie Commons for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without the written permission of the authors.

Media Type

Text

Share

COinS