Kathy Kemp

Publication Date


Document Type


First Advisor

Plowman, Sharon A.

Degree Name

M.S. (Master of Science)

Legacy Department

Department of Physical Education


Coronary heart disease; Third grade; Running


This study examined the effects of a running and aerobic based activity program on the selected coronary heart disease risk factors of low physical work capacity, obesity, and hypertension, on a group of third grade students. Forty-nine subjects were assigned to either the experimental or control group. Both groups underwent pre and posttesting for physical work capacity (one mile run), subcutaneous fat (skinfold measures), and hypertension (blood pressure). The experimental treatment consisted of 8 weeks of physical training, focusing on running, for 30 minutes, 5 days a week. The control group engaged in their regular physical education class of 30 minutes, three times per week. The one mile run was performed outdoors and consisted of six laps minus 40 yards around a football field. Skinfold measures were taken at three sites: abdominal, triceps, and subscapular. The sum of two skinfolds, the triceps and abdominal, were used as a criterion of overfat. Blood pressure readings were taken on two consecutive trials, while the subject was seated using an avionic pressurometer. The changes from pre to posttest were used to determine if the treatment was sufficient to cause significant changes in the experimental group (p ≤ .05). The program of physical training significantly improved cardiorespiratory function as measured by improved times in the one mile run for the experimental group. Abdominal and subscapular skinfolds were significantly lowered (as compared to control group measures) by physical training. The training program did not significantly effect blood pressure readings from pre to posttesting.


Includes bibliographical references.


vi, 45 pages




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