Publication Date

1985

Document Type

Dissertation/Thesis

First Advisor

Simon, Seymore

Degree Name

M.A. (Master of Arts)

Department

Department of Psychology

LCSH

Memory||Prose literature--Psychological aspects

Abstract

The present study investigated the effect of questions on the retention of expository prose. The purpose v/as to determine whether questions facilitated recall to a greater extent than statements, undirected review, or no additional exposure. Level of proposition (high vs. low) and number of arguments (few vs. many) were additional independent variables. Eight propositionalized paragraphs were presented to subjects and free recall was obtained after a 48-hr delay. Results indicated that subjects correctly answered only 64% of the initial questions, and that low level questions were answered correctly more often than high level questions. Findings from the delayed free recall protocols showed that, in general, high level propositions were recalled better than low level propositions. The level of the questioned material, however, did not influence recall. Questions facilitated the recall of previously questioned material, but appeared to interfere with the recall of previously unquestioned material. The findings replicate previous research reporting a direct effect of questioning and provide additional evidence for the differential recall of high and low level propositions. Suggestions for future research include (a) required reporting of initial question data to assess informational comparability between question and statement groups, and (b) continued use of text structure in questioning research to fully understand how importance of material affects recall.

Comments

Bibliography: pages [74]-79.

Extent

122 pages

Language

eng

Publisher

Northern Illinois University

Rights Statement

In Copyright

Rights Statement 2

NIU theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from Huskie Commons for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without the written permission of the authors.

Media Type

Text

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