Publication Date


Document Type


First Advisor

Mehta, Sudha Wadhwa

Degree Name

M.S. (Master of Science)

Legacy Department

Department of Home Economics


Pregnancy--Nutritional aspects; Salt--Physiological effect; Pregnancy--Complications


Twenty-five low income pregnant women participated in this study of the effect of varying levels of salt intake on toxemia. Five toxemic subjects were placed on normal salt diet, ten toxemic subjects followed a diet furnishing two-gram sodium and ten normal subjects followed a liberal salt diet. Dietary history was obtained from the five toxemic pregnant women and ten normal pregnant women using the 24-hour recall method. The results showed that the protein and iron intakes were sufficient in both groups. But dietary intake of vitamins met only 2/3 of the NAS- NRC Recommended Dietary Allowances. The calcium intake of both groups was extremely low. Although both groups received vitamin and iron supplements, no calcium supplements were prescribed by the physician. The clinical data was obtained from the medical charts of these subjects on each visit following the 20th week of pregnancy. The clinical data included weight gain, blood pressure measurements, degree of edema and proteinuria. Results showed that salt restriction neither improved the clinical condition of the toxemic subjects nor did normal salt diet made the clinical condition of toxemic subjects worse. Liberal salt intake by normal pregnant subjects did not result in symptoms of toxemia.


Includes bibliographical references.


vii, 45 pages




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