Publication Date

1955

Document Type

Dissertation/Thesis

First Advisor

Gould, Howard W.

Degree Name

M.S. (Master of Science)

Department

Department of Physical Sciences

LCSH

Carbon compounds

Abstract

Before we can discuss the chemistry of carbon- carbon double bonds, we must be acquainted with what we mean by a double bond. The outer, or valence, shell of electrons surrounding an atomic nucleus is subdivided into areas called orbitals, an orbital being a region in space about the atomic nucleus where the electron has the greatest probability of being found at a given time. A typical valence shell thus consists of one s-orbital, whose graph is spherical, and three p-orbitals, whose graphs possess axial symmetry. Since a chemical bond results from the overlapping of atomic orbitals, a stronger bond than can result from using a given orbital may be obtained by mixing, or hybridizing, the s- and p-orbitals to produce hybrid orbitals which are more locally concentrated and thus can overlap more completely.

Comments

Includes bibliographical references.||Includes illustrations.

Extent

38 pages

Language

eng

Publisher

Northern Illinois State Teachers College

Rights Statement

In Copyright

Rights Statement 2

NIU theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from Huskie Commons for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without the written permission of the authors.

Media Type

Text

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